NZ Natives. Clovers are the most common legumes in pastures. Seedlings germinate freely under almost any conditions. However, this vigour can be useful to fill a space in the forest where a tree has fallen. It grows equally well in dappled shade and full sunlight and doesn’t seem to be the least daunted by waterlogged soil which stunts most other species. The purple piripiri is a favourite of landscape architects thanks to its striking colour. Toetoe flower early summer, A.fulvida earlier than A.splendens, and have a much droopier appearance than pampas. High Altitude Mountain Daisies (Celmisia Semicordata), Mt Cook NP, Canterbury, New Zealand McCormack, Gareth 18 in. Seed can be collected by holding an envelope under the capsules and gently tapping, collecting the seed as it falls. Gardener's Encyclopaedia of NZ Native Plants by Cave, Paddison. Shady gardens. These dry out, turn black and split longitudinally. There is no need to stick to just one variety.When shelter isn't an option (as is often the case when a great view is at stake) there are plenty of wind hardy plants to choose from, especially among NZ native plants, which have evolved to cope. The tall, strap-like leaves are spongy, with air sp… Propagation: Soften the fruit, wash and decant off the pulp leaving the tiny black seeds behind. perennial weeds prior to planting. Summer colour. Kahakaha grows perched up in trees where it sacrifices good soil for ample sunlight. Sonchus kirkii (Native Puha) A fast growing herb with large fleshy leaves, yellow flowers and fluffy - tailed seeds spread by wind. This eerily silver ground cover has small foliage and a carpeting habit, making it an attractive option for snuggling between paving stones as a living grout. Germination can be a few weeks in warmer temperatures but slower in winter. Secateurs are useful for collecting the rather tough seed heads covered in yellow/orange berries in early autumn. Plant in pots or beds. Eliminate all Possibly our most tropical-looking native tree, with a Dr. Seuss-like head of huge green paddle-shaped leaves. The information should be read in conjunction with the calendar for seed collecting (grasses, lilies, flaxes, epiphytes and climbers). Splitting, dividing and transplanting flax or grasses is a really easy way to get free plants for your garden. This groovy deep-green forest fern is an endemic beauty commonly seen in the South Island. Suits coastal and wetland conditions. Nursery. New Zealand native gardens. The seeds are borne on long spikes – upright in Carex virgata and more pendulous in C.secta. Useful and low maintenance makes them great to sort out large scale plantings such as farm driveways, bunds, commercial landscaping and mass plantings to complement modern architecture. This sedge grows equally well in waterlogged and well drained sites but responds well to nutrient rich soil. Purple piripiri • Acaena inermis ‘Purpurea’. $8.50. Andrew Crowe. Grasses. ... * 13 of the best NZ native ground cover ... and coastal areas throughout New Zealand. The seeds are produced in long, pendulous capsules which twist then split open to reveal dry, black seeds around February/March. Seed can take up to a year to germinate and the seedlings are quite slow to grow as well. Propagation: Separate the down covered seeds from the pods, spread over a firm bed of seed raising mix and lightly cover sufficient to bury the fluff. Propagation: Sprinkle the seed on a firm bed of seed raising mix, water and cover with plastic or glass. The roots of Carex secta can form a trunk-like structure, making the individual plant up to 2 metres tall. Grows to 75 centimetres. Find your nearest … Growing from seed is the easiest and most commonly used method of propagating native trees and shrubs. Evergreen, hardy and tolerant of wet and dry soils, it feeds the birds and the bees, and its young heart is pretty tasty in a hāngī! Frost can knock the tops off, but wet feet is its worst enemy. It grows equally well in dappled shade and full sunlight and doesn’t seem to be the least daunted by waterlogged soil which stunts most other species. Did you know that there are over 1000 different kinds of Carex grass? Mīkoikoi (New Zealand iris) • Libertia ixioides. Keep well-watered until it finds its feet; after that it can cope with considerable drought. Robust mounds of Euphorbia add structure and backbone to mixed plantings of perennials and grasses. The waxy white flowers have led to it being referred to as NZ jasmine. Like most pittos, this species hits the ground running and grows rapidly, with characteristic silvery-green foliage and night-scented, nectar-rich dark-purple flowers. Scatter and rake in the seed directly where you want your native garden to grow, or start seeds off in trays of seed-raising mix (from garden centres), then transplant or grow as seedlings when they are bigger. Grows to 1 metre. ✿ Tussock grasses, libertias and phormiums will self-sow, but you can also use a sharp spade to chop up established clumps every few years to increase their numbers. G.pauciflora is common on leached soils of ridges whilst G.xanthocarpa is a characteristic plant of swamp forest, tolerating wet, sunny conditions. This popular New Zealand native reed does well in soggy or dry spots and looks best mass-planted in sweeps or rows. By food & fibre we mean everything from growing quality food, wood and wool through to making those things into products like ice cream, burger patties, pizza boxes and clothing for fashion stores. Before Andy Ellis was an All Black he was, in his own words, a “pimply-faced landscape architecture student at Lincoln University”. Once the green of the seed heads start to fade in late summer it is time to collect the seed. The seeds need light to germinate and can be up within 7 – 10 days but frequently take longer. fThis seed collection and propagation guide is a short version of Ecosourcing News, a newsletter produced by Ecosourced Waikato to alert native plant growers to seed availability. Remove the cover when seedlings appear. Greenmachine Wholesale Native Plant Nursery, new Zealand natives, nz plants, native plants, trees, shrubs, grasses, flaxes Propagation: Wash the seeds and decant off the pulp and syrup. The green flax-like cousin of the dramatic native silver spear. Sow on firm seed raising mix and cover lightly with mix. The beauty of eco-sourcing seeds from your own neck of the woods is that you can be sure they’ll grow well in your local climate. Sends out handsome, shiny green fronds up to 1 metre long. Grows to 0.4m tall and is tolerant of most conditions. Grows to 4 metres. Watch out for its milky sap, as it can cause severe skin irritations. Propagation: Be careful when stripping seeds from the seed head as leaf margins can be sharp. See more ideas about Ornamental grasses, Grass, Plants. A tough cascading fern that develops red tones in sun. Place in a warm shady place until the seedlings appear then remove the cover and bring seedlings into the sunlight. Clip at any height from 1–2.5 metres. A practical field guide to New Zealand's native edible plants. He put his degree on hold to play professional rugby, but did gardening work on the side, and even competed in the Ellerslie International Flower Show and Singapore Garden Festival. Pink gardens. Seed is contained in a silky feather-like cluster and is quickly dispersed by the wind. Many indigenous plants, from tī kōuka (cabbage trees) to tītoki, can be raised successfully—and cheaply— from seed collected from friends’ gardens or (if you seek permission or a Department of Conservation permit first) public areas of native planting or bush. Broadly speaking, there are several genera of garden merit that make great additions to grassland-style plantings. It is easily identifiable by masses of white flowers in early spring and that is the place to return to in December/January to locate seed. Propagation: Shake the seed heads into a large bag and then spread the seed over a firm bed of seed raising mix. They are tough, thrive in a wide range of conditions and need very little maintenance. Sow on a firm bed of seed raising mix, press into the surface and cover very lightly with mix. In this exclusive extract from his new book Kiwi Backyard, Andy suggests ways to create a “native haven” in your garden. Read on to find out the best way to divide flax and other grasses for your garden. Cover with glass or plastic and place in a shady place until the seedlings appear in the spring. When potted, the seedlings require a stake to wind around and grow over. This popular New Zealand native reed does well in soggy or dry spots and looks best mass-planted in sweeps or rows. Patio tubs or pots. Its colour is best in full sun in fertile but gritty soil, so feed with slow release fertiliser. A medicinal native herb traditionally used to treat everything from skin complaints to upset stomachs. Growing to over two metres tall in ideal conditions, this, the largest of New Zealand’s astelias, is most commonly found in wetlands. Trees and Shrubs of New Zealand by Poole and Adams. Harakeke will grow from wetlands to exposed cliffs but not in the shade of the forest whilst wharariki prefers dry places, including steep cliffs. Find out when to collect seeds and how to propagate native grasses, sedges, lilies, flaxes, epiphytes and climbers. Seed sown in autumn should germinate in early spring and be ready for potting in summer. Seedlings appear in spring and should be potted on with a tall stake or tripod of stakes to allow for the vigorous growth. A coastal stunner with succulent foliage in silvery green or blue, this native euphorbia deserves to be more widely grown. Jul 27, 2019 - Explore Pennie Prendergast's board "ornamental grass in NZ" on Pinterest. Limited distribution in the wild, found in open coastal situations. This vigorous climber has the potential to scramble right to the top of tall kahikatea trees and can shade out other trees so should be used sparingly in a restoration project. This slender native tree has a distinctive juvenile form, with prehistoric-looking pointy, leathery leaves, before it undergoes a teenage transformation into a sturdy specimen tree after 10 to 15 years. RRP $45 buy online here Grows to 3 metres. The ribbonwood is one of a few deciduous (semi-deciduous north of Auckland), and one of the most fast-growing natives of NZ. Machaerina articulata grows in water to a depth of 300 mm with other species found on the margins of water bodies. Also known as Oryzopsis lessoniana, this topnotch native grass has a graceful weeping habit. An upright dwarf flax with yellow flowers that bring in the birds and bees. Use in structural gardens. These two species of sedge are commonly found in wetlands, both growing in open sunlight or light shade in wet soil, tolerating water to a depth of 300 to 400 mm. Likes: full sun to semi-shade, wet soil, or poor soil, will tolerate frosts, wind and dry soils, but not severe drought. By Andy Ellis Eventually forms multi-trunked clumps. Department of Conservation | Te Papa Atawhai, https://www.doc.govt.nz/get-involved/run-a-project/restoration-advice/native-plant-restoration/ecosource-seeds/collection-and-propagation-guide-grasses/. The seeds are found in bright orange fruit which ripens around March. Shrubs and trees can stand alone, but again, if you want to group them, go for uneven numbers. In the wild, kōhūhū can reach 10 metres tall and it doesn’t take kindly to being pruned to size; the variety ‘Mountain Green’ is more compact with vibrant green foliage. Both of these species of white rata are climbers, especially found clinging to tree trunks but also some times on rocks and old logs. The fruit is soft and syrupy under a hard shell with large numbers of tiny seeds. Here we have two of our favourite families of grasses, the Carex and the Lomandra, plus a few of our top variety suggestions for each! Grows to 1 metre. The white fluffy seeds start to shed from the flower head from about Christmas on with some seeds persisting until autumn. Raupō has thick, starchy rhizomes that expand through soft silt or form a mat in watery places. These tussock-forming grasses grow wherever poor soil conditions mean that they have little competition from other plants for sunlight. The best time for growing natives in the garden is winter. Fiona Eadie, author of 100 Best Native Plants for New Zealand Gardens and head gardener at Larnach Castle in Dunedin, loves our native groundcover plants. Strappy foliage with fragrant flower spikes in spring. Use on banks. It is commonly found in roadside drains and is particularly common near the mouth of coastal streams. Clover and other legumes. In regions experiencing drought, native and ornamental grasses are a smart and show-stopping part of the landscape. ✿ Some seeds, such as kōwhai, have a hard, inhibitive shell that needs nicking with a pocket knife prior to Ecosourcing plants ensure the biological diversity of the planted area and increase the survival rate of the plants. Native grasses are a fantastic option for those tricky spots in the garden. Unfussy in most situations, with architectural flowers followed by dark purple berries. Fast growing NZ Ngaio (Myoporum) provides good shelter for slower growing trees. If space allows plant extra wide shelter. Grows to 1 metre. Growing throughout New Zealand in fertile wetlands, raupō or bulrush (Typha orientalis) is a tall reed that forms dense leafy stands up to 3 metres high in still water. Germination can take several months. This groovy deep-green forest fern … Although originally developed for the Waikato region, it has wider application as many of the native trees and shrubs are found throughout New Zealand. Grows to 6 metres. Many are blessed with unique forms and distinctive leaf shapes that make them stand out from the crowd, particularly cabbage trees, flaxes, Astelia and puka.Then there’s the graceful nikau, the world’s southern-most palm, prized for its beautiful trunk and stunning fronds. White gardens. Remove the cover and bring out into the sunlight. Ideal for mass-planting in small gardens. Remove from the base and spread on a bed of firmly packed seed raising mix and cover lightly with mix. The distinctive blue berries ripen around March and fall off at the slightest touch. ✿ Most native seeds ripen from late summer into autumn and are best sown fresh for peak germination viability. View a table of the optimal time of year and what to look for when collecting native seeds of grasses, sedges, lilies, flaxes, epiphytes and climbers. Help us improve the DOC website on mobile in less than 5 min. Found particularly on stream and river terraces, kaihua forms a tangled thicket, often scrambling over shrubs and low trees. Carex - Green Ornamental Grass; $8.50. 35F - side slit container, volume 285cc Flowering spikes can be seen from August to December with seed ripe February/March – when it will often attach itself to trampers socks. While native grasses such as ‘poa lab’ (Poa labillardieri) have been in the collective conscience for a number of years, many other grasses have missed out. Please read: This information is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended to treat, diagnose or prevent any disease. Native grasses mingle perfectly with wildflowers and play an important role in any native planting. Germination may take several months and the seedlings may not be ready to prick out for a year. Flowers are on panicles at the top of stems and the seeds are tiny and nut-like. Excellent planted … Most of the time the grasses look rather average to awful - that’s because the wrong varieties have been used, for Waikato gardens. It’s the best way to produce large numbers of plants. Propagation: Sprinkle the seed on a firm bed of seed raising mix, cover lightly with mix and then with plastic or glass. Fast-growing, but easily brought back down to size if need be as mature trunks naturally branch. Read this in conjunction with the Seed collection and propagation guide for grasses, sedges, lilies, flaxes, epiphytes and climbers . 1m. The flax-like kakaha grows well in pots or beds and is ideal for mass planting. Seeds tend to persist on the flower spikes of these sedges, clinging to the old filaments until really mature. Seedlings begin to appear in later winter or early spring - do not let them dry out. Kāpuka (broadleaf) • Griselinia littoralis ‘Broadway mint’. Suits coastal and wetland conditions. They help create a natural or less contrived feel to a garden, move in the wind and require litlle maintenance. Find out more about what different seeds look like, seed collection, and check out our tips for growing from seed. Tough, hardy and drought-tolerant once established. Available two sizes 0.5L and 1L priced from $2.75 and $3.70 respectively Under trees. Kiekie is a scrambler found on both the ground and tree trunks and in both damp shady places as well as full sun where there is sufficient moisture in the ground. Propagation: Sprinkle the seed over a firm bed of seed raising mix, cover lightly with mix, water and cover with plastic or glass. Seeds ripen in late summer and are dispersed by floating on water. The flowers appear in spring and the fruit is ripe the following autumn or winter. Propagation: Press the seed into a firm bed of seed raising mix and water well. The foliage shows hints of green, bronze and pink. Dianella species can be found in a variety of places where the soil is too poor to support other plants. There are many species of hook sedge with this one mainly frequenting damp shady places. Space 1 metre apart and clip twice a year. Carex - Red Ornamental Grass Propagation: Sow seed on a flat firm bed of seed raising mix and lightly cover with mix. Eleven years later, he’s hung up his All Blacks shirt (and the degree is still on hold) but his passion for gardening remains as strong as ever. Grows to 5 metres. Propagation: Remove the seeds enclosed in the dry pulp, press into a firm bed of seed raising mix and cover lightly with mix. Alternatively, collect green capsules and store in a warm dry area until they open. Carex is great for exposed areas, they love to blow around in the breeze. Piripiri is robust in exposed coastal gardens, but is no fan of humidity. Shrubby in form with narrow spear-shaped leaves and pointy white hebe flowers. The orange fruit of kohia can often be found on the ground under the vines – if it hasn’t been consumed by rats and mice. Grows to 1 metre. Ornamental grasses are fairly new to the landscape scene—they've increased in popularity in the past couple decades. Shining spleenwort • Asplenium oblongifolium. Ideal to be planted in drifts under trees and other dry shady spots. Once potted, the plants do well with their containers placed in a shallow trough of water. Relishes the shade under specimen trees. Biodiversity inventory and monitoring toolbox, Calendar for seed collecting - grasses, sedges, lilies, flaxes, epiphytes and climbers, calendar for seed collecting (grasses, lilies, flaxes, epiphytes and climbers), Collection and propagation guide - grasses. Kiwi Backyard CONTRACT GROWING and GARDEN PLANT SUPPLY Naturally Native provides a range of contract growing services. x 24 in. Dianella haematica is a plant of peat bogs and swamp margins whilst turutu is most likely to be found on forest ridges. A darling of Kiwi landscape architects, this burgundy-foliaged bidibid keeps its head down and spreads its wings into nooks and crannies in rockeries or between paving stones. Spring colour. Grows to 1 metre. Unlike flamboyant bearded irises, our indigenous version is grown more for its structural foliage than its diminutive flowers, which hide between its strappy blades. New Zealand native grasses and tussocks are an iconic part of our landscape, and are a very versatile, and no-fuss way to create a stunning native landscape. Grows to 1 metre. Seed is produced prolifically in clusters at the top of spikes and can be collected in late summer and shaken into a large bag. Place in a warm shady place until the tiny seedlings appear (in about nine months); remove the cover and bring out into the sunlight. Around 70 of those are also New Zealand natives! Carex comans, green form - (Longwood tussock, maurea) New Zealand native low-growing sedge grass with drooping creeping leaves. It can withstand strong winds, so it is good for borders. Extract courtesy of Allen & Unwin NZ, Contact Us / Newsletter / Advertise With Us / Subscribe, Zooming in: Beauty therapist teaches confidence from her new rural home, Signs your chickens might have gapeworm PLUS how to treat it, How to recognise and treat respiratory problems in chickens. At the very least, ecosourcing plants from the appropriate region ensure that the plants are genetically designed for the area they will be planted in. Remove the cover and bring out into sunlight. Group smaller plants, such as grasses, in clumps of five or seven. However, plants appear to fruit and flower only occasionally. Propagation: Sow onto seed raising mix, cover lightly with mix, pumice or vermiculture and water generously. sowing. In the prairie garden, the addition of grasses helps keep all of the plants upright. It is recognisable by its fan-shaped leaves from a dark brown base. Avoinna: Ma-Pe klo 16-01 ,La klo 14-01 ja Su klo 16-01 | K18 | Asemakatu 11, 40100 Jyväskylä | Puh: +358 45 350 5733 Collect the fruit in late summer/autumn. Grows to 30 centimetres. Germination is usually within 2-3 months but can be erratic. All mature in the autumn. An upright shrub with deep-green foliage, this is one of the best forms of griselinia for instant hedging or shelter in a hurry. You can go into any town or city throughout the country and see ornamental grasses, which have been used in public gardens, parks, traffic islands, carparks, and of course in homeowner’s gardens. Press the seed into a firm bed of seed raising mix, water and cover with plastic or glass. Oioi (jointed rush) • Apodasmia similis, Leptocarpus similis. Propagation: Soften the fruit, mash and wash out the seeds. Place in a shady site until the seedlings appear in the spring. Grows to 2 metres. Puahou (New Zealand five finger) • Pseudopanax arboreus. Propagation: Strip the seed off the flower heads and press into a firm bed of seed raising mix and lightly cover with mix, pumice or vermiculture. Acaena; Agathus; Arthropodium Parnell; Astelia; Blechnum; Beilschmiedia; Brachyglottis; Carex; Clianthus - Kaka Beak; Coprosma; Cordyline; Cordyline - Cabbage Tree; Corokia; Cyathea; Griselinia; Dacrydium; Dianella; Dicksonia; Dodonaea; Griselinia - Broadleaf; Haloragis; Hebe; Kunzea; Leptinella; Leptospermum; Lophomyrtus; Metrosideros; Muehlenbeckia; Myosotidium; Nothofagus; Olearia; … Gahnia setifolia is commonly found on clay banks as is G.lacera although the latter is more tolerant of exposed coastal conditions. Because of its vulnerability to drought, bush rice grass is mainly found in the shade of the bush, especially at higher altitudes or stream sides where the air is moist. Cover lightly with mix. Seed usually takes about two months to germinate depending on temperature. Growing to over two metres tall in ideal conditions, this, the largest of New Zealand’s astelias, is most commonly found in wetlands. Planting & Growing How to create an allergy-friendly garden If you suffer from hay fever or other allergies, then being out in the garden can, at times, be less than enjoyable. This article relates to the flora of New Zealand, especially indigenous strains. V310 - container, volume 310cc. Ethereal flowers shimmer over the whole plant in spring. Grasses are great space fillers. Takes dry shade or full sun; in the former it stays green, but out in the open the foliage turns coppery bronze by midsummer. It’s a great time to get them established before spring when they can put some growth in. These two species of flax are well adapted to growing in poor soils. It also involves taking those products to the world. Propagation: Seed should be sown as soon as collected, with or without the feathery styles. Texture & foliage. Place in a warm shady place until seedlings appear. Endemic to New Zealand, this cape fern has eye-catching salmon-pink new fronds that mature to dark green. Small narrow gardens. (Be aware that two invasive species of pampas are also good at occupying similar spaces). We get excited about meeting students, career changers and educators all over New Zealand Once flowering is finished, a mass of thin bean-like pods remain dangling from the scrambling runners. V150 - side slit container, volume 150cc. Does best in light shade and won’t tolerate humidity. Propagation: Wash the seed and sow on a firm bed of seed raising mix. This entry was posted in Abbie's column and tagged Abbie Jury, gardening with grasses, recommended grasses NZ, Tikorangi: The Jury garden on 30 April 2020 by … The New Zealand grasses and similar tufted plants make ideal compliments to trees, shrubs and ground-covers that may be used in landscaping an ornamental border. Quick to grow, this large shrub or small tree has distinctive, glossy five-fingered (or sometimes seven-fingered) leaves, hence its common name. Winter colour. The flowers appear in late summer/autumn and the capsules containing large quantities of tiny thread-like seeds dry out in the winter. Tī kōuka (cabbage tree) • Cordyline australis. They look more natural, and you can split them if they overgrow. Horoeka (lancewood) • Pseudopanax crassifolius. Woodland garden ©2020 New Zealand Plant Producers Incorporated. Machaerina are a group of rush-like wetland species tolerant of wet and sometimes waterlogged soil. Carex. Gahnia species are colonisers of low fertility soils. A number of our garden plant species are supplied to garden centres all around New Zealand. Sow on a firm bed of seed raising mix, cover lightly with mix, water well, cover with glass or plastic and place in a warm shady place. Grows to 6 metres. This includes seed collection, propagation, growing-on and delivery. This can range from wetlands and steep river and stream banks for A.fulvida to eroding coastal cliffs and coastal wetlands for A.splendens. Be planted in drifts under trees and shrubs of New Zealand iris ) • Pseudopanax arboreus the! Be careful when stripping seeds from the flower spikes of these sedges, lilies flaxes... Plant of peat bogs and swamp margins whilst turutu is most likely to be more widely grown two species hook. And looks best mass-planted in sweeps or rows exposed areas, they love to blow around in the birds bees! 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Collect seeds and decant off the pulp and syrup summer and shaken into a large.! Out our tips for growing natives in the breeze banks as is although. About Christmas on with a tall stake or tripod of stakes to allow the. Go for uneven numbers its colour is best in full sun in fertile gritty!, black seeds around February/March followed by dark purple berries yellow/orange berries early!