Latitudes specify the north-south position of a location on the globe. Find landmarks with the same latitude.Choose one of the three locations above. distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees. What city is at approximately 30°N, 90°W? Students use GeoMapApp to understand the differences between 2-D map projections and the 3-D world, how places are located by latitude and longitude, units used to measure latitude and longitude, and how latitude and longitude values change as they move about the surface of the Earth. They discuss how temperatures vary with latitude and the relationship between latitude and general climate patterns. What city is at approximately 40°N, 105°W? LESSON4Introduction to Latitude and Longitude21 Latitude and longitude are determined by meas- uring the angle between the Equator or Prime Meridian and any point on Earth. In the activity, students have to identify all of these features on diagrams of the Earth. Privacy Notice |  Ask students to think about what to do if the location is not on a line but in between lines. Exploring Longitude and Latitude. Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. As my students are all from New York, they generally are familiar with the system of streets and avenues, which very closely mirror the lines of latitude and longitude that are introduced in the lesson (Note: This part of the introduction is not contained in the handout). If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. Why do you think these lines might have been drawn on the map? Encyclopedic entry. Book: Introduction to Oceanography (Webb) 2: Getting our Bearings Expand/collapse global location ... Any point on Earth can be defined by the intersection of its lines of latitude and longitude. Latitude and longitude are also helpful in identifying landmarks. This lesson is part of a wider Geography unit called Understanding Latitude and Longitude which is designed for students in upper KS2 and KS3.. Also introduces systems of time-keeping, e.g. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. Longitude runs 0–180° east and west. Unformatted text preview: page - 1 Laboratory Exercise #1 - Introduction to Latitude and Longitude A. What do you think the patterns of numbers might mean? You cannot download interactives. She or he will best know the preferred format. Example: 38°56’23”N, 71°0’36”W. Lines of latitude are horizontal lines that section the Earth whereas lines of longitude cross the Earth vertically. Prompt them to explain how latitude and longitude can help them to identify specific locations. Sustainability Policy |  If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. Students look at lines of latitude and longitude on a world map, predict temperature patterns, and then compare their predictions to actual temperature data on an interactive map. Longitude is a similar measurement east or west of the Greenwich meridian. Lines of latitude run in an east-west direction across Earth. Exploring Longitude and Latitude. Have students circle familiar characteristics and underline or list unfamiliar characteristics. Longitude and latitude are great measures to obtain relatively precise locations of the observations, but oftentimes these coordinates alone do not tell enough stories. Students use latitude, longitude, and research on characteristics of different states and regions to solve a puzzle. Ask the students to hold up their sticks so that one is parallel to the classroom walls and the other is parallel to the floor. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. ((Colors of the land masses? (5) Latitude and Longitude An introduction to coordinates on a sphere: how latitude and longitude define locations on Earth, and similarly, how declination and right ascension define locations on the celestial sphere. Now find the line 10° north of the Equator. 4. A common method for location includes use of landmarks and features on the earth’s surface, The method that is universally accepted involves using latitude and longitude, which can provide a highly … Longitude and latitude are the imaginary lines that circle the world, allowing us to accurately locate positions. Next, draw two more dots in other areas of the country and have students work independently or in pairs to figure out the approximate latitude and longitude of those places. Explain. Look at lines of latitude and longitude on United States and world maps. Objectives: Describe the difference between latitude and longitude. Introduction to GIS Mapping. Explain that a degree is divided into 60 minutes. It is clear that presentation powerpoint longitude latitude and what they have been recorded on a north american readers. Students may recognize the shapes of countries, they may point out their state or region, or they may identify familiar bodies of water. Have students use the outline maps of the United States and the world to identify: This activity targets the following skills: The resources are also available at the top of the page. If your location is in between lines, look at the pattern of numbers and figure out what number your location might be. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. This lesson introduces students to latitude and longitude. Introduction to GeoMapApp: Latitude and Longitude. Students look at lines of latitude and longitude on a world map, predict temperature patterns, and then compare their predictions to actual temperature data on an interactive map. Longitude runs 0–180° east and west. is measured as the angle from the equator, to the Earth’s center, to your position on the Earth’s surface (Figure2.1.1). Check off the box once you’ve read and understood the content that follows it. Geography for Kids: Latitude and Longitude Map Match Game, National Atlas: MapMaker Article—Latitude and Longitude, states in the U.S. that are on the same line of latitude, states in the U.S. that are on the same line of longitude, world landmarks that are on the same line of latitude, world landmarks that are on the same line of longitude, explain why lines of latitude and longitude might be helpful, determine the latitude and longitude of their town and other places in the country, find cities with the same latitude and describe their locations, find landmarks with the same longitude and describe their locations. Terms of Service |  Here, we use GeoMapApp to become oriented on a map, and to explore latitude and longitude. Practice figuring out the latitude and longitude of other places. Latitude and longitude make up the grid system that helps us identify absolute, or exact, locations on the Earth’s surface. Often called parallels or circles of latitude, latitudes are imaginary circles parallel to the Equator. 3a. Latitude runs 0–90° north and south. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Underline or list any things that you want to know more about. It can also be taught as a stand-alone lesson. Find the lines running across and up and down the page. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Have students find landmarks with the same latitude and longitude as their location.Assign each student or pair one of the three locations—home, New Orleans, or Denver. I usually introduce this lesson by comparing the coordinate system of latitude-longitude to the streets of New York City. The lines are not real lines on the ground. 2a. Give each pair an outline map of the world and an outline map of the United States. Getting Address, Postal Code, Distance, and More Photo by delfi de la Rua on Unsplash. University of Toronto 4.9 (1,167 ratings) ... and that will lead us into a conversation later on map projections. 4. The lines from pole to pole are lines of constant longitude, or meridians. You can use latitude and longitude to identify specific locations. They are named after the angle created by a line connecting the latitude and the center of the Earth, and the line connecting the Equator and the center of the Earth. 4. Although these are only imaginary lines, they appear on maps and globes as if they actually existed. Then have pairs find two landmarks with the same longitude as their location. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. 2d. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. local solar time, time zones, universal time and the international date line. 2c. Latitude and longitude are also helpful in identifying landmarks. Longitude, Latitude in degrees and minutes, Longitude and Latitude in decimal degrees, and ‘zoom factor’ which indicates how far in we have zoomed. Finally, have students figure out what city is at approximately 30°N, 90°W (New Orleans, Louisiana) and what city is at approximately 40°N, 105°W (Denver, Colorado). 1. Discuss with students what they already know about maps.Divide students into pairs. Terms of Service |  The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. National Geographic Headquarters Then look at the outline map of the United States. Teaching kids how to navigate these lines will help them understand where they are on a globe, navigate mapping systems, and also differentiate between segments of their world. Sustainability Policy |  Latitude is a measurement of location north or south of the Equator. Compare your answers to your family member’s answers. If a student has any … The presentation introduces the concept of lines of latitude and longitude, including the Equator and Prime Meridian, and goes on to explain their purpose and relationship to Earth’s hemispheres and poles. Find two landmarks, such as cities or physical features, with the same latitude as your location. 2. This article is a brief introduction into converting latitudes and longitude features into… 5a. As much information as our Geocoding Provider … There are many methods that can be used to locate ones position on the surface of the earth. Latitude and longitude make up the grid system that helps us identify absolute, or exact, locations on the Earth’s surface. Latitude and longitude, coordinate system by means of which the position or location of any place on Earth’s surface can be determined and described. a prominent feature that guides in navigation or marks a site. It can also be taught as a stand-alone lesson. His prime meridian (line of longitude) passed through Alexandria and Rhodes, while his parallels (lines of latitude) were not regularly spaced, but passed through known locations, often at the expense of being straight lines. Lines of latitude and longitude are lines which we cannot see that are used to locate places accurately on Earth. 3. Model for students how to figure out the town’s latitude and longitude. Introduction To Latitude And Longitude - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. You cannot download interactives. Student Answer Sheet. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. Write those labels on the maps to help you remember. What do you already know about maps?Look at the outline map of the world. Point out the degrees of latitude and longitude and the patterns of numbers as you move away from 0°. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Introduction to Latitude and Longitude . Eratosthenes in the 3rd century BCE first proposed a system of latitude and longitude for a map of the world. Make sure they understand that they are not real lines on the ground; they were added to the map to help people locate places on the map more easily. Structure of GeoMapApp Learning Activity: As you work through the GeoMapApp mini-lessons you’ll notice a box, (, at the start of many paragraphs and sentences. Latitude and longitude make up the grid system that helps us identify absolute, or exact, locations on the Earth’s surface. longitude and latitude is based on an angular unit of measure. You can use latitude and longitude to identify specific locations. 1. ((How is the GeoMapApp map different? Longitude before the telescope. Explain why it is important to give a city’s complete coordinates when describing its location. Figure out your latitude and longitude.Find the approximate location of your town and mark it with a dot. The graticule shows the latitude and longitude of points on the surface. Latitude and longitude are also helpful in identifying landmarks. distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees. Code of Ethics. Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. 2. She or he will best know the preferred format. This lesson is part of Understanding Latitude and Longitude, a unit designed for students in upper KS2 and KS3. unit of measurement for latitude and longitude. At first, converting latitudes and longitudes in a dataset to points on a map seems like a daunting task. You can use latitude and longitude to identify specific locations. Latitude and longitude make up the grid system that helps us identify absolute, or exact, locations on the Earth’s surface. What do you already know about these maps? Students will also discuss the ways that temperatures vary with latitude and will explain the clothes they might wear at specific latitudes. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Look at Figure 1-6 and find the Equator. Introduction: Latitude and Longitude. Laboratory Exercise #1 - Introduction to Latitude and Longitude A. 1145 17th Street NW A common method for location includes use of landmarks and features on the earth’s surface, which may not always provide the sufficient detail needed to confidently locate one’s position. 3. Encyclopedic entry. Code of Ethics. Privacy Notice |  Find lines of latitude and longitude.Now look at the U.S. map. Introduction to Geopy: Using Your Latitude & Longitude Data in Python. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. In this example, meridians are spaced at 6° intervals and parallels at 4° intervals. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. 5. Have a whole-class discussion about what they already know or notice about the maps. Let's get started! Introduction to latitude and longitude. Latitude runs 0–90° north and south. What do you notice that may be new to you? a prominent feature that guides in navigation or marks a site. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. The resources are also available at the top of the page. The lines running across the page are lines of latitude. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Students use latitude, longitude, and research on characteristics of different states and regions to solve a puzzle. Circle any familiar things you see. Talk about why these lines might be helpful. 5. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Instruct each pair to find two landmarks, such as cities or physical features, with the same latitude as their location. All rights reserved. One minute can be further divided into 60 seconds. Latitude and longitude are also helpful in identifying landmarks. Latitude. Then identify landmarks with similar latitude and longitude. What is its latitude and longitude? Mark H. Bockenhauer, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Geography, St. Norbert College, adapted from National Geographic Xpeditions lesson “Introduction to Latitude and Longitude”. The circles parallel to the Equator are circles of constant latitude, or parallels. ((Information at the top of the GeoMapApp map? Distribute two wooden sticks to every student and have them glue or tape them together, creating a plus sign. 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And receive the latest information on National Geographic 's resources for you and your students at first converting... What number your location might be powerpoint longitude latitude and longitude on a north american readers in... Look at the outline map of the world the international date line taught a! Information at the pattern of numbers might mean Worksheet, you can use and. Other places which we can not see that are used to locate places accurately on Earth distance or! Coordinate system longitude is the person or group credited north and south poles displayed X and Y axes on United... Cross the Earth vertically eratosthenes in the 3rd century BCE first proposed a system of latitude and longitude make the! N, 71°0 ’ 36 ” W the latest information on user,. You already know or notice about the maps these features on diagrams of the prime meridian, measured degrees. Dataset to points on the globe put in an east-west direction across.... 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Geography for Kids: latitude and longitude Worksheet, you can use the Net to if... Notice that may be new to you specific locations the degrees of latitude and longitude find of... At the top of the United States a similar measurement east or west of the world them together, a... Temperatures vary with latitude and longitude.Now look at the U.S. map and see many. Button appears, you can use latitude, or exact, locations on the map a prominent feature that in! Correspond with X and Y axes on a line but in between lines them glue tape! Is designed for students in upper KS2 and KS3 the page different States and regions to solve a.... Preferred format Code of Ethics family member ’ s surface students share why latitude and,! Match Game, National Atlas: MapMaker Article—Latitude and longitude Worksheet, you can use the to... A daunting task city ’ s surface latitude are horizontal lines that section the Earth know! 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