These are reproduced in Tables 23 and 24respectively. Requirements for Concrete Exposed to Sulfates in Soil or Water Minimum design Water-soluble Maximum water- compressive Sulfate sulfate (SO4) in soil, Sulfate (SO4) cementitious material strength, exposure percent by mass* in water, ppm* Cement type** ratio, by mass f' c, MPa (psi) The Water/cement ratio is = 0.58 Check this W/C ratio from durability consideration from Table 9.20. 3. From this curve read off the W/C ratio for a target mean strength of 39 MPa. Instead of relating the strength to water-cement ratio, the strength can be more correctly related to the solid products of hydration of cement to the space available for the formation of this product. As you can see from the Chart, the W/C Ratio varies from 0.4 to 0.7 depending on exposure conditions. Can a maximum water-cement ratio be specified? Calculation of Water Quantity for Concrete. (Table 19-A-2) (Table 19-A-2) Use a maximum .45 water to cement ratio for concrete with severe or very severe sulfate conditions per the 1997 Uniform Building Code (Table 19-A-4) Values in this section should be based on the laboratory tests as per codebook. Here standard values of different materials are assumed for the mix design of M25 grade concrete. Refer to concrete slump test . of water is added. 0.7 w/c ratio is also used for pumped concrete. Ensure that the total water content does not exceed the maximum water cement ratio of Table 3463 for the respective class of concrete. (b) Ensure that the heat of hydration of the cement does not exceed 80 cal/g [335 kJ/kg] at seven days measured as the average of three samples, and that no individual measurement exceeds 90 cal/g [375 kJ/kg]. Calculation of water: – Approximate water … Use a maximum .50 water to cement ratio when concrete is exposed to freezing and thawing in a moist condition or to deicing chemicals per the 1997 Uniform Building Code. Draw a dotted line curve parallel to the neighbouring curve. Table 5 Minimum Cement Content, Maximum Water-Cement Ratio for Mix design of M25 grade concrete – IS456 codebook II. Table 4 is a general estimate of 28-day compressive strength vs. water-cement ratio (or water-cementitious ratio). A maximum water-cement ratio (w/c) or water-cementitious materials ratio (w/cm) can be specified, but C 94 doesn’t contain provisions for doing this directly. Most state DOTs tend to set a maximum water-cement ratio between 0.40 – 0.50 (based on data from ACPA, 2001{{2}}). Table 4. Minimum water cement ratio's necessary for hydration of cement range is from 0.19 to the mid-twenties (i.e.0.26). TEST DATA FOR MATERIALS . Water Cement Ratio IS 10262 (2009) Code Chart. Similar requirements for 2. Target Mean Strength = 50 + ( 5 X 1.65 ) = 58.25 Mpa. minimum cement content, type of cement and maximum water-cement ratio required for reinforced concrete structures to ensure durability against: (a) specified conditions of exposure, and (b) different concentration of sulphates present in soil and ground water. Option B of the “Ordering Information” section re-quires the purchaser to specify both maxi-mum water content and minimum cement 0.5 W/C ratio. Table 9-2. Values in this table tend to be conservative (ACI, 2000 [1]). The notion of water–cement ratio was first developed by Duff A. Abrams and published in 1918. The additional water added to cement, sand and rock beyond that needed for hydration of the cement is water added for convenience. Minimum Cement (As per contract) =400 kg / m 3 Maximum water cement ratio (As per contract) = 0.45 Mix Calculation: – 1. 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