Trails should not exceed 15 percent grade if at all possible. Featured question. Limit the number of landings to the minimum required to meet your harvest objectives. Use existing skid trails if they offer the best access and environmental protections. For more information on the process of timber harvesting and the financial and landowner benefits associated with it, visit our Forestry Literature page.. Q. Glenn Ahrens | Primary purpose of salvage harvesting is to recover the economic value of trees killed or damaged by unforeseen and uncontrollable events (insects, wildfire, wind, ice & snow, volcanoes, etc.). All contracts should inclu… At Johnson Timber Harvesting we feel a sense of responsibility towards stewardship of forest resources. When harvesting timber, there are several different approaches to tackling the job. Take a look at common questions regarding timber harvesting and our expert advice on the topic. Many resources are available online to assist you in the planning process. Outline the optimal timing of activities, when construction and cutting will cause the least disturbance to soil, water and wildlife. Given the diversity of Michigan forest types, it is not surprising that a range of forest management and timber harvest systems have been developed that employ inherent ecological characteristics of those forest types as guidelines. When building your harvest plan, think on multiple scales. Oct 2019 | For questions about the Forest Practice Program or timber harvesting in general, contact the Regional Office nearest your location. There are two general categories of silvicultural techniques that involve logging: (1) thinning and (2) regeneration harvest. It begins with an on-site meeting to understand the goals you have for your timber and review our process. Given the costs involved, it only makes sense for a sawmill to utilize every last part of each tree that comes through their doors (and that’s exactly what they’ll do). But if they are thoughtfully designed, you can minimize ill effects and help your woodland recover quickly from any disturbance caused. We recommend that you contact at least three buyers if possible. Review the individual timber harvesting roles section in this article to identify the professional assistance available to help you navigate the timber sale process. Want to be a good neighbor to local wildlife? May 2019 | We study the existing road system (if there is one) and the topography of your land to create an efficient system of logging roads. You can find lots of information and resources to help you create a plan in the "Know Your Forest" learning library. We recommend that you engage the services of a consulting forester and a timber buyer/harvesterwhen selling your timber. Future Projects While our team has adjusted to being at home more, we miss offering in-person classes and field tours. Describe special measures for road design and layout. The process of cutting trees and transporting them through a forest will disrupt a forest watershed, but you can use Best Management Practices to minimize that disturbance and protect your waterways and wildlife habitat. Completing an inventory and talking to log buyers about your upcoming harvest can help you to quantify how much wood you have and approximately how much it is worth. Thinnings are conducted to improve the existing stand, regulate growth, and in some cases provide for early financial returns. No matter the goal, once you conduct a harvest, your property will look different after the operation. The Difference Between a Forester and a Logger. The most common one found today is commercial clear cutting. Please note that all timber harvesting and related activities must also comply with any applicable federal, state, and local laws, rules, and ordinances.. Some important considerations when designing and constructing landings: location and design of infrastructure like roads and landings. We use a forwarder, which is often preferred on sensitive sites, because it carries rather than drags the wood, reducing ground wear and impact. How will the harvest meet your goals for a certain unit, your property, and the larger landscape? Then the back arrow to return to the Educational Gallery home page. Plant and promote tree species that can be harvested by individual or group harvest, rather than large tracts of clear-cut forest. Video. We will also discuss specifically how salvage operations are conducted, equipment used, wildlife considerations, economics, ... Carrie Berger, Glenn Ahrens, Stephen Fitzgerald, Joe Goldsby, Rick Barnes | (Learn more about choosing and working with a logging contractor.). If 2020 couldn’t get any worse, it has. This work may require special equipment such as a slashbuster, mulcher, etc. Timber harvesting means a tree-cutting operation affecting 1 or more acres of forest or developed woodland within a 1-year interval that disturbs 5,000 square feet or more of forest floor. This difference increases with the intensity of the treatment. They may hire a forest manager to manage their tree farm and plan each timber harvest, including ensuring the careful siting of access roads and protections for wildlife and fish habitat. It was nice on Labor Day and then the smoke appeared. There are three major groups of timber harvest practices; clearcutting, shelterwood and selection systems. Plan carefully. Here are some BMP guidelines to help you minimize impacts and recover quickly. Like any other science, forestry has a technical jargon. You may also be considering taking additional steps on your property to benefit fire resilience or forest health. This will help you make informed decisions about: Pre-harvest planning will help you avoid sensitive sites like wetlands and riparian areas, as well as important wildlife habitats. Extensive research on the fate of fire damaged trees provides guidance for assessing survival based on post-fire observations of crown scorch, bark char, and root damage. In uneven or multi-aged forest stands, selective harvesting of individual trees or groups of trees over a period of time creates multiple generations (cohorts) of trees with different age classes within the stand. 3. If these sensitive areas cannot be avoided, the planning process will help you fine-tune your harvest techniques and schedules to minimize disturbance of water resources and wildlife. Cut-to-length logging is the process of felling, delimbing, bucking, and sorting ( pulpwood, sawlog, etc.) Properly harvesting trees will also speed up the rate of growth to residual trees allowing for more frequent harvesting. Goals help you identify what is most important to you when completing work on your... management technique . We have experts in family and health, community development, food and agriculture, coastal issues, forestry, programs for young people, and gardening. Timber harvesting is an artificial disturbance that also affects the ecosystem. It is always important to re-evaluate prices when the time to harvest gets close. In even-aged forests, regeneration after harvesting (clearcut, seedtree, or shelterwood) creates a whole new forest stand of the same age. The skies are ... Andony Melathopoulos, Brooke Edmunds, Jim Rivers | Evaluation Our next step is an initial evaluation of your woodlands followed by making recommendations to you on appropriate harvesting methods. Forest officers mark the coupe in order to show the timber harvesting contractor which areas and trees are to be harvested. This technique should fit the structure of the forest and the ecosystem you are in. Plan your harvest so that uncut stands of trees will intercept and absorb runoff from your harvest area. The report of the Pennsylvania Twenty-First Century Environment Commission, published in 1998, highlighted the value of forests as an asset of the Com… Matching the equipment to the site, implementing proper harvest layout, and hiri… These machines can be expensive, but if you can couple them with a harvest of valuable timber you may be able to offset the cost instead of paying completely out-of-pocket. For that reason, our company works with machinery that is not only productive but has a low impact on the forest floor. Oct 2020 | Making management decisions that sustain the ecological work of trees, especially where they are needed most, can save you money and protect the overall health of your land, waters and wildlife. This is done by using coloured marking tape to mark coupe boundaries and protect important biological values such as rainforest, streams or important wildlife habitat. Replanting is required when you remove most of the trees in one area. Harvest Goals We begin by understanding your goals for your property. My beautiful cedars are now showing some dying branches. Max Bennett from Oregon State University Extension discusses methods to maintain forest land health. New landings can have a slight slope to promote efficient drainage. Felling and preparing the tree for extraction (delimbing, topping, and segmenting). Describe special measures for road design and layout. A timber harvest is an important tool for achieving your goals and maintaining the health of your forest. Glenn Ahrens | Science explains and demystifies the world through the objective of gathering and analyzing data. Landings serve as a place to sort and store logs before they are transported off site. Timber harvest profitability is normally driven by the total volume of wood removed, distance to the mill, current timber market, and the quality of the logs being sold. In preparation to the harvest, make sure that the property boundaries are clear and that the trees you plan to harvest are within your property line. A skilled logging contractor can make a big difference in your outcomes; take the time to find someone with good references who works with a contract and valid insurance. Monitoring the effectiveness of your BMP strategies will help you determine whether they are working and achieving the desired effect of maintaining or improving water quality in your woodland. What effect will the 2020 fires have on bees? The trees are then transported as saw logs to cottage companies such as sawmills and pulp mills et al. Timber Harvesting FAQs. Construct new landings on frozen ground or firm, well-drained soils. It often takes 1-2 years for landowners to get from early planning to harvest completion. You can match your goals to the characteristics of your forest. Fact Sheet. News story. Use existing landings if they are sited for efficient use and environmental protection. Timber harvesting, the more modern term for logging, is the act of cutting down trees, removing them from the forest, and eventually processing them into consumer or business products. If unsure, the best option is to contact a licensed surveyor since theirs is the only legally valid assessment in case of a dispute. We are facing the worst series of fires in the state’s history. Employ sediment control measures and drainage structures to prevent erosion. Close existing landings if they are located in Riparian Management Zones or wetlands, unless construction of new landings would cause even more harm. Every system requires (1) a mechanism for felling trees and (2) a mechanism for removing felled trees or portions of felled trees to a roadside log landing for transportation to a mill. Log buyers are the ones who have the expertise to determine this match. These should: Identify special areas of protection like wetlands, riparian zones and wildlife habitat. Sample 1 Based on 1 documents Pennsylvania’s forests.Tracts of forest land of all types and sizes are important to our communities. A great resource is your local Small Woodland Owner Association chapter, where you can find other active landowners and schedule a visit. Seedlings usually have a 1-2 year waiting period, so plan on ordering your seedlings when you schedule your logging contractor. A timber harvesting system is one of several combinations of equipment used for felling and extracting timber. For some, it is to produce a steady stream of revenue from timber. Jun 2020 | at the stump area, leaving limbs and tops in the forest. Once you have made the decision to harvest, you need to find a logging contractor. A good pre-harvest plan will outline the Best Management Practices that will be followed before, during and after the harvest. Fact Sheet. A timber harvest can provide multiple benefits to a landowner. This common method of harvesting timber is a very poor choice for sustaining the benefits of Virginia’s forestland. Once you have identified the trees for harvest, consider the mills with product lines that best match your logs. Harvest evergreen boughs from your woodland property to make holiday wreaths. Article. The Forest Practices Act outlines Oregon’s state laws that protect soil, water, wildlife habitat, and land use. 1. Now that you have a foundation, identify the specific management technique that will achieve your objectives. The Timber Harvesting Status Report is available online, by following this link: (Timber Harvesting Status Report). As temporary travel-ways for the transport of logs, skid trails can disrupt your woodland ecology and watershed dynamics. Creating wildlife habitat in your landscape, Assessing post-fire survivability of trees, Assessing post-fire survivability of trees and potential for salvage harvesting, Assessing the potential for salvage harvesting after wildfire, Harvesting evergreen boughs from your woodland, Commercial fishing, crabbing and clamming, Local, regional and community food systems. Since we are still not certain when we will be able to plan in-person events, Glenn and Amanda have ... Amanda Brenner | Maintain larger, longer-lived trees in riparian zones. But by planning your timber harvest carefully you can save time, money and invaluable woodland resources. First, our crew foreman creates a pre-harvest plan with you and answers any questions and concerns you have. Article. Forested landscapes, whether publicly or privately owned, provide many essential economic, environmental, health, and recreational benefits for residents and visitors alike. How your activities can impact water quality. Usually prices are highest during winter and early spring, mostly because of the restrictions of wet-weather hauling and the resulting shortage of logs during that time. Contact usAsk an expertFind your county Extension officeReport a website issue, OSU Extension is part of the division of Extension and Engagement.Copyright © 1995-2020 Oregon State University | Web disclaimer/privacy  |  Equal opportunity/accessibility, Summer Webinars and Virtual Tours to Lookout For, Woodland owners learn how to fight climate change with trees. Guidelines related to timber harvesting, especially clearcutting, are aimed at maintaining structural components on a site (including live trees, snags, woody debris, shrubs and ground cover) that are needed by forest wildlife now and as the stand regenerates. Ask an Expert is a way for you to get answers from the Oregon State University Extension Service. When planning your harvest consider these tree-related factors: It’s important to keep in mind, Best Management Practices must be flexible and respond to changing conditions. In addition to that information, make sure the contractor has the adequate equipment for the job and that he/she works with a contract and valid insurance. Alicia Christiansen | Nov 2020 | In any case, harvesting trees likely comes after decades of hard work and planning, and should not be taken lightly. 2. The Visual Guide to Sustainable Timber Harvesting, a learning module from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University College of Natural Resources, clearly shows the difference between simple commercial harvesting and sustainable harvesting, which improves the health of the woods. This page provides information about rules administered by the Maine Forest Service. Extracting the tree to a central location or landing (skidding or forwarding). A good road system is key when it comes to a successful timber harvest. It is your responsibility as a landowner to comply with these rules, regulations, and Best Management Practices to avoid fines and make sure you and the contractor are performing a responsible operation. Too much open pasture or young forest can increase the likelihood of erosion around a timber harvest. Where are Best Management Practices Important in my Woodland? A 'coupe' is the name given to the area planned for timber harvesting. Your local Extension agent has lots of resources that can help you along the way. Our last piece of advice is to give yourself lots of time to prepare and plan. However, if you need to add rock to your dirt roads in order to haul in wet weather, be prepared to harvest a large volume of good quality timber to offset the cost of road construction. This webinar will cover a visual method for assessing survival of trees that have been injured by wildfire. You’ll also want to use a Forest Products Sales Contract when conducting your timber sale. Learn more about choosing and working with a logging contractor. As part of your harvest plan, think about and outline some economic considerations. Midwest logging connections is a logging and timber consulting firm, offering knowledge to landowners wanting to perform a timber harvest or sell marketable timber. 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